Rabbis Who Thought for Themselves

I get tired of the common myth circulated by anti-missionaries that the only Jews who believe in Yeshua are ignorant of Judaism and have been deceived into believing that Yeshua is the Messiah. The argument goes something like this: “If you really understood ‘true Torah Judaism’ you would not have been led astray.” Another related myth is that Yeshua cannot possibly be the Messiah because there are no respected rabbis who ever held such a position.

Both of these accusations are false. Not only are there Messianic Jews thoroughly educated in Jewish life and thought, but over the centuries there have been HUNDREDS of rabbis who have come to the realization that Yeshua is indeed the long-awaited Jewish Messiah. It might be easy to dismiss this reality and chalk it up to something like, “Well, they were just unlearned schmegegies.” But what about respected and learned rabbonim? There certainly could not be any great gedolim who would buy into such nonsense, right?

Great Rabbis Who Believed

Among the hundreds of great rabbis who have become believers in Yeshua, many of these were great gedolim and halachic authorities, includeding a number of Chief Rabbis.

Rabbi Ignácz (Isaac) Lichtenstein (Chief Rabbi, Northern District of Hungary)

Last week I blogged about Rav Lichtenstein who served for 40 years as the Chief Rabbi of the Northern district of Hungary. He was a respected authority who late in life came to the realization that Yeshua is the Messiah and suffered greatly for his conviction.

He wrote several booklets arguing that faith in Yeshua is compatible with Judaism. Eventually community pressure forced him out of his position as district rabbi, but he never accepted Christian baptism, nor did he ever join a church. Read more HERE.

Rabbi Daniel Zion (Chief Rabbi of Bulgaria)

I have also previously blogged about Rabbi Daniel Zion, who was the Chief Rabbi of Bulgaria during the Holocaust, and saved his entire community and brought them to Israel. When he passed away in 1979 at the ripe old age of 96 years old, the Bulgarian Jewish community in Israel gave him a full burial with military and state honors. His casket stood in the center of Jaffa with a military guard, and at noon was carried by men all the way to the Holon cemetery on foot. He was buried as the Chief Rabbi of Bulgarian Jews who saved them from the Nazi Holocaust. Rabbi Daniel Zion also believed that Yeshua was the Messiah and suffered greatly for his conviction. You can read more HERE.

Rabbi Israel Zolli (Chief Rabbi of Rome)

Rabbi Israel Zolli (1881-1956) was the former Chief Rabbi of Rome who helped save about 4,000 Roman Jews as the Nazis entered Rome in 1943. Posing as a structural engineer, he entered the Vatican and asked Pope Pius XII to protect Rome’s Jews. The pope acquiesced and agreed to make churches, monasteries, convents, and the Vatican itself sanctuaries for them. Prior to his coming to Rome, Zolli served for 35 years as the Chief Rabbi of Trieste.

Following the war, Rav Zolli made a public confession of faith in 1945 and was forced out of his position. When asked if he therefore believed that the Messiah had come, he said:

“Yes, positively. I have believed it many years. And now I am so firmly convinced of the truth of it that I can face the whole world and defend my faith with the certainty and solidity of the mountains.”

Jewish leaders called him a heretic, excommunicated him, proclaimed a fast for several days in atonement for his “treason,” and mourned him as one dead.

Rabbi Chil Slostowski

A descendant of an illustrious line of great rabbis, Rav Slostowski received s’micha at the age of 17 and become a great gadol serving congregations in Poland, including teaching in the great rabbinical seminary in Lodz. There he became an authority on matters of kashrut.  Within a few years he received an invitation from the illustrious former Israeli Chief Rabbi, Rav Abraham Isaac Kook, to go to Israel where he was appointed as Secretary to the Chief Rabbinate of Jerusalem.

After Rav Kook’s death in 1935, he moved to Tel Aviv and taught Talmud in an illustrious yeshiva. Like Rav Lichtenstein, Slostowski had a miraculous encounter while reading the New Testament in Hebrew that convinced him that Yeshua really was the Jewish Messiah. Although he tried to keep his new-found conviction quiet, within two months he could do so no longer, and openly confessed his belief that Yeshua was the Messiah and resigned from his position in Tel Aviv. Soon afterward he was pelted with rocks and hospitalized. But he was undeterred in his faith. He continued to publicly proclaim that Yeshua is the Messiah despite constant persecution.

Rabbi Yechiel Tzvi Lichtenstein

Yechiel Tzvi Lichtenstein (1831-1912) was a late nineteenth century Jewish believer from a Chasidic background. While in Yeshiva, he became a disciple of Yeshua of Nazareth. He served at the Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum in Germany as a professor of rabbinics and wrote several books and commentaries in Hebrew, including refutations of anti-missionary works. His most popular work was Toldot Yeshua, a response to the famous anti-Yeshua work, Toldot Yeshu. He also worked on revisions to Franz Delitzsch’s Hebrew Gospels, and penned an entire commentary in Hebrew to the New Testament.

*Read a great introduction to Lichtenstein and view his commentary on the NT HERE.

*To view Lichtenstein’s other works visit the Vine of David Repository HERE.

Rabbi Daniel Landsmann

Rabbi Daniel Landsmann (1836-1896) was a Jerusalem tailor and Talmudic scholar who came to faith in Yeshua in 1863. He was almost killed by his own people, angered that someone well educated in Jewish tradition should believe that Yeshua is the Messiah.

His perspective on Yeshua began to change when he found upon the street a page in Hebrew torn from a book. He loved what he read, and when he later discovered that it was from the Sermon on the Mount, he began to think differently about Yeshua. When he began to reveal that he believed Yeshua is the Messiah, his wife left him, a fanatical group attempted to wrestle him to the ground and nail spikes into his hands, and another tried to bury him alive.

He finally moved to New York City and, with a wealth of Talmudic knowledge and a humble spirit, moved many other Jews to consider the Messiahship of Yeshua.

Rabbi Nathaniel Friedman

Rabbi Nathaniel Friedmann was sent from Russia to win Landsmann (above) back to Judaism in 1889. However his discussions with Landsmann resulted in Friedmann coming to believe in Yeshua’s Messiahship as well. He later was ordained as a Lutheran Pastor and became Landsmann’s successor, and served in NYC until 1941.

Rav Ephraim Ben Joseph Eliakim (Chacham Ephraim)

Chacham (a respected title used by Sefardic Jews for great rabbis) Ephraim’s father was a Rabbi in Tiberias, a leading man in the Arabic-speaking Jewish community. Chacham Ephraim himself became esteemed and honored by Jews and Arabs alike and received a leading place in the community, becoming one of the dayanim, overseers of justice, who are specially entrusted with the rights and interests of the individuals of the community. Coincident with these advances he married the daughter of the Chief Rabbi.

Rav Ephraim eventually became friends with Rev. Dr. William Ewing, of the Church of Scotland in Tiberias, who spoke fluent Hebrew. The two men were of almost equal age and soon developed friendly talks about the Talmud and the Bible, but every conversation would eventually lead to claims of Yeshua as the Messiah.

The older Jewish interpretations of the fifty-third chapter of Isaiah were known as referring to the King Messiah, and it was not long before Chacham Ephraim recognized the picture of the Suffering Servant “by whose stripes we are healed.”  The sufferings of his own people throughout the ages and their desperate outlook touched him deeply.

Guided by his friend he con­sidered: “The first temple was destroyed and the nation scattered on account of three great sins committed by Israel, but seventy years later the temple was rebuilt.  Then came the second destruc­tion, and for over 1,800 years Israel has been without the Holy Temple. What was the cause of this second destruction and of the greater scattering?  Idolatry was not the reason.  There was no lack of zeal for either the Torah or for the sacrifices. Why has God forsaken us so long?”

Rav Ephraim wept and prayed and struggled with the problems, unwilling to give in.  He even asked questions about these things of his fellow rabbis, but they could only give the time-worn, formal answers.

Still he struggled, con­vinced that some terrible sin had been the cause of the wrath of HaShem against his people.  Then there dawned upon him the secret of it all— “sinat chinam – hatred without a cause” (Yoma 9b), and a still, small voice expostulated within him, “Cease to hate Me. Love Me and I will give you peace.”

The struggle was over. Chacham Ephraim found a peace that was unbroken until his dying day. What followed was a time of fierce persecution, where he lost everything, including his wife and family. Chacham Ephraim wandered to different cities and eventually settled in Jerusalem where he worked as a manual laborer, and in the evenings would meant with prominent individuals who would come secretly to talk with him. He also led studies in the Bible for other Jewish and Arab believers. He died in August of 1930 and was buried in Jerusalem.

And Many Others as Well

And there are many others – from the early centuries to this very day – great rabbis who believed that Yeshua is indeed the long-awaited Mashiach spoken of by the prophets, and anticipated daily by every religious Jew; including Rabbi Dr. Max Wertheimer, Rabbi Philipp Philips, Rabbi Rudolf Hermann Gurland, Rabbi Asher Levy, Rabbi Dr. Leopold Cohn, Rabbi Berg, Rabbi Charles Freshman, Rabbi George Benedict, Rabbi Jacobs, Rabbi Dr. T. Tirschtiegel, Rabbi Henry Bregman, among many others.

This only further demonstrates that there just may be something special about that mysterious figure from Nazareth.

Update: Part II of this article is now available HERE.

About Rabbi Joshua

I'm a Rabbi, writer, thinker, mountain biker, father and husband ... not necessarily in that order. According to my wife, however, I'm just a big nerd. I have degrees in dead languages and ancient stuff. I have studied in various Jewish institutions, including an Orthodox yeshiva in Europe. I get in trouble for making friends with perfect strangers, and for standing on chairs to sing during Shabbos dinner. In addition to being the Senior Rabbi of Simchat Yisrael Messianic Synagogue in West Haven, CT, I write regularly for several publications and speak widely in congregations and conferences. My wife is a Southern-fried Jewish Beltway bandit and a smokin' hot human rights attorney... and please don’t take offense if I dump Tabasco sauce on your cooking.
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48 Responses to Rabbis Who Thought for Themselves

  1. Joshua, thanks for the great overview. These rabbis sacrificed much to pursue their faith in Yeshua. How wonderful would it have been to have them around in our day!

    The mystery that still remains to be solved – where are the Jewish descendants of these great men or of any other Jews who came to faith in Messiah in those times? Will the Messianic Jews of our day have Jewish descendants a few generations from now?

    • Brandy says:

      I think many of the Palestinians Christians are the jews of jesus times. They just dont know because of the mix with arabs, greeks etc and other followers of jesus in the region.

  2. James says:

    Terrific review of Jewish men of faith who risked everything for their faith in the Son of Man. Thank you for publishing this.

    It makes me wonder how many Jews are worshiping in synagogues are also quietly disciples of the “Sage of Natzeret”.

  3. David says:

    I love reading about these illustrious men of faith…rabbi’s. I think your title is very fitting. I find Yeshua in nearly every sefer I read, albeit a bit hidden to some, but it is in there. I appreciate your post and would love to see more on these men if possible.

    • Rabbi Joshua says:

      Shalom David,

      There are actually way more than the ones I even listed above. However, I could only refer to so many in one post. I am actually slowly working on cataloging all the known rabbis who became believers in Yeshua. So if anyone knows of a reference or someone you think I might not already be aware of, please let me know!

      If there is enough interest, maybe this will even become a weekly series and I’ll slowly add more stories of different rabbis. I just started with some of the most famous.

      • Jeff says:

        Rabbi Joshua,

        A good reference book would be ‘Jewish Witnesses for Christ’ by A. Bernstein. It’ss printed by Keren Ahvah Mishihit, Jerusalem, and you can find it on ebay or amazon. Great book, I actually borrowed it from Derek Leman last year (so Derek if you’re reading this, I will get it back to you hopefully around thanksgiving when I come back to Atlanta!). Anyways, it’s a great collection of jewish rabbis who are believers.

  4. JK says:

    Thank you so very, very much for this article. This was very inspiring, encouraging and good. I recently read an Aish article about how the Jews of Bulgaria were saved from the Nazis. The article mentioned Bulgarian royals, officials and priests. But the Jewish rabbi was not mentioned, although he was a main character in the story. G-d knows how many other Messianic Jews have been erased from the national story of the Jewish people.

  5. lindsey says:


  6. Lea Halim says:

    Thanks for a great post! I linked to it from my blog – people should know this!

  7. Derek Leman says:


    Fantastic list and information. This should be a book or at least a booklet. I hope you will keep cataloguing this information and sharing it with us.

  8. Boaz Michael says:

    The Prushim said to them, “Have you too been drawn away? Have any of the rulers or Prushim believed in him? It is only this crowd of people who do not know Torah. They are cursed.” (Yochanan 7:47-48)

    Things seem to never change!

    Great post. Hope to see you in a couple weeks.

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  10. Jeff Allen says:

    Rabbi Joshua,

    This really is an interesting post. There are names of Yeshua believing rabbis here that I did not know existed. I have a short post on the subject of “Yeshua Believing Rabbis. I agree with Rabbi Leman, this would definitely make an interesting book.

  11. richard says:

    This is a great post thanks. May I suggest that you enhance it by adding your sources to each entry.

    There is a similar listing here http://www.ha-gefen.org.il/len/aalphabetic%20presentation/c13764.php I scanned some photos from old books I have for them to use for their extensive listing.

  12. Great post, rabbi. Thanks for highlighting these men; I, too, have heard the argument of, “if you know Torah True Judaism, you wouldn’t follow Yeshua” — seeing these honored men who have followed Yeshua, many of them trailblazers themselves, is an effective response to the arguments presented against us.

  13. CraigWriteman says:

    That’s definitely what I needed. Thnx for the details. To my mind, other posts are not so interesting. No offece, simply try to keep quality at this level 🙂

    Craig Writeman

  14. Russ Resnik says:

    Rabbi Joshua,
    I just came across this posting–outstanding! Thank you for putting together a great resource. Kol ha-kavod.

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  19. Charles says:

    Don’t forget to connect this with a link to the latest post! 😉


  20. Charles says:

    Oh, I see the “pingback” now above. Great!

  21. Rabbi Joshua says:

    Shalom All,

    I just added a Part II to this post this morning. You can read it at: http://www.messianicjudaism.me/yinon/2011/12/01/rabbis-who-thought-for-themselves-part-ii/


  22. Robert says:

    Thank you, wonderful timing and greatly needed.

  23. Qfblogger says:

    Okay, so I have a question for you. I’ve been reading, “Answering Jewish Objecions to Jesus: Volume one,” by Michael Brown, and he tells a different story about Yechiel Tzvi Lichtenstein accepting Yeshua. He says that he was angry and hated Christianity, even throwing a New Testament into the corner, and let it stay there for forty years. Only after this, did he pick it up and read it. This is an interesting story, but requires him to have accepted Christ later in life. Your account, however, says he accepted Christ while at the Yeshiva. I have no doubt both are right, but just need some clarification.

  24. Rabbi Joshua says:


    Either you (or Dr. Brown) have your Lichtenstein’s mixed up. Rabbi Isaac (Ignác) Lichtenstein is the one who threw the NT in the corner where it sat for a number of years before he rediscovered it as a result of the Tisza Eslar affair and the defense of the Jewish community by the famous Hebraist Franz Delitzsch.

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  26. brian says:

    Terrific article. Do you know if there are English translations of the commentaries by Rabbi Yechiel Tzvi Lichtenstein. Toda Raba!

    • Rabbi Joshua says:

      Shalom Brian,

      To my knowledge there are no English translations of Rav Yechiel Zvi Lichtenstein’s work available. However, FFOZ has used English excerpts in some of their recent works and in their new Delitzsch Hebrew-English Gospels.

  27. I. Levy says:

    I know for a fact that Itzhak Ben Tzvi beleived in Yeshua, he told me so.

    One SHabbat after Shabbat service I walked to Kg. Davids tomb, I climed to a seating area on top of a structure with a domb, there was seating the President of Israel, he spoke to me and seat me on his lap and in conversation he told me he was waiting for the Mashiah, he said I do not know if he will come in my life time, but fore sure in your life.

  28. Michael Karpf says:

    I grew up in Maryland and New Jersey, and moved to Dallas, Texas. My mother’s objections to my accepting Jesus were that we’re in the Bible belt, if I had been trained better in the tenents of Judaism, or if I had some Jewish friends, this never would have happened.

  29. Yaakov says:

    Dear R Joshua,
    I re-discovered the true Mashiach of Israel in the Torah. Thank you for this insightful article. It is long overdue. I always knew there are many Jews who believe in their Mashiach, and rightly so because he came to teach us the Torah of YHWH.


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  34. April says:

    I take everything found on the internet with a grain of salt. But even so, what do these Jews believe about Jesus? What does “believing in” him benefit them? Where is it in Tanakh that one must “believe in” the messiah? Where is there a reference to a god-like moshiach? Where is there a reference to a single “ha moshiach”?

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  38. Fabio says:

    Shalom Rabbi!

    I got two questions:
    1) How do you see the Torah for nom-jewish believers in Yeshua?
    2) Do you know if the commentary by Rabbi Yechiel Tzvi Lichtenstein is available in english?


    • Rabbi Joshua says:

      Hello Fabio,

      Thank you for your questions. As far as how Gentiles relate to the Torah, I’d like to refer you to a related blog post by my friend Derek Leman. He has other great related posts as well – http://www.derekleman.com/2015/02/01/torah-and-non-jews-a-practical-primer/

      And as far as Rabbi Lichtenstein’s commentary, portions of it have been translated by Dr. David Stern (in his NT Commentary), and First Fruits of Zion (ffoz.org) has translated significant portions of the commentary, which appear in their various commentaries. But an entire translation into English has so far not yet been done.

      All the best!

  39. Hwang, Chol says:

    Hello, Rabbi Joshua.

    Do you have some more series of this kind of post that speak more about other rabbis who began to believe in Yeshua as well?

    BTW this is such a wonderful post so I shared it on the facebook.

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